Before entering into the types of transplants, it is necessary to mention the importance that these have for saving lifes. Although, sometimes, there are a number of problems such as the body may reject the new organ, but the truth is that in general there are usually very good results. We don’t have to die in order to donate an organ. If someone need a kidney transplant anyone compatible could donate it with a relatively simple surgery. In the case of other organs, it is an indispensable condition to have died in order to donate them.
Types of transplants
There are a variety of type of transplants. As you will be able of see, not all of them are performed the same way, and there are differences about the donor/recipient aspect of it.
The first of the types of transplants that we are going to talk about is auto-transplantation. That is, we ourselves will be the person in charge of providing what we need. However, in what cases is this possible? Doesn’t it always have to be another person who donates what we need?
Not always. In the event that we need a piece of skin from another part of the body, we will be the donor and recipient ourselves. The same thing happens, sometimes, when we self-donate bone marrow if we have cancer. This form of transplant is very safe, but above all, there is the advantage that our body will not reject the donor because it is our own flesh and bones. This subtracts one more concern from us.
This type of transplant is totally different to the previous one. In this case, the donor and recipient are different, although genetically they are the same. What does this mean? They possess the same genetic load, therefore, they are twins.
Surely we have seen two twin brothers on television, one of them has a disease and the other to save the other’s life donates what the brother needs. Because of twins share genetic information, there is a very small chance of rejecting the donated organ. There is always the possibility that the body ends up rejecting the organ and fails to settle it well. However, this is a very small percentage and is not something that usually happens.
In the third of the types of transplants there is totally different donor and recipient. They do not share genetics. They are not from the same family. This is the type of transplant that is best known and the one that carries the most risks.
Why do we talk about risks? Because we must carry out an exhaustive study on the compatibility between donor and recipient. However, although everything indicates that they are compatible and there should be no problems, sometimes this is not solved so easily.
The last of the types of transplants that we are going to talk about not only refers to two genetically different individuals, but also in relation to the species. This is probably the least known type of transplant you have had heard of.
For example, if we need to transplant a heart valve and, for some reason, there is none compatible or we do not have one that comes from a human being, we can obtain it from a donating pig. However, the risks of rejection are quite high.
The importance of donating
We currently have many options to donate, including blood donation. However, when we die, we can also decide before if we want our organs to be donated or not to people who may need them. As we have seen in the types of transplants, perhaps the one we know best is the third.
People who don’t know each other, anonymous organs which arrive at the moment we need them most. Many people expect, for example, a kidney. The fact that people donate them or that even a relative is tested for compatibility and undergo an operation is something very valuable.
With information from: https://www.eluniversal.com.mx