One of the worst health situations anyone can face is suffer from septicemia, a condition in which the immune system not only fights against a bacterial infection but also begins to attack the tissues of the body.
According to studies by Washington State University, United States, one in five deaths in the world are caused by this condition. This is independent of whether the person has fallen into bed due to another illness or problem.
The study took into account data provided by the ministries of health and medical agencies of 195 countries. The conclusion is that about 11 million people die each year from septicemia, that is, more than those who die from cancer.
Most worryingly, this figure is double the researchers’ initial estimates. That’s why we are going to talk to you about what is septicemia and why it is a serious problem for health authorities.
What is septicemia?
Doctors call this problem a “blood poisoning” because the disorder of the immune system causes serious intoxication of the body. Further, he is called the silent killer because there are usually no obvious symptoms until the body begins to be severely affected.
In this he remembers another silent disease, prostate cancer, which also advances with almost no signs of its presence.
From a physiological point of view, septicemia occurs when the immune system gets out of control while fighting an infection and begins to attack the body’s tissues as well.
At some point, failures in vital organs such as the kidneys, liver, spleen and lungs begin to occur, which can lead to death. But even if the patient does recover, the septicemia leaves long-term sequelae because of these organic failures.
Among the main causes of septicemia are bacteria and viruses related to lung or gastrointestinal diseases. This includes tuberculosis, influenza, Covid-19 and even the salmonella present in eggs and other foods.
But even an open injury to the skin with sharp objects can open the door to a generalized infection that will lead to septicemia.
Figures higher than expected
Before starting their research, specialists from the University of Washington estimated that each year about 19 million people suffer from septicemia, of which 5 million end up dying.
However, these figures were based only on information from developed countries, especially the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Germany, Australia and France.
By expanding the database to include 195 countries, it was found that the actual numbers of cases amounted to 49 million each year, of which 11 million ended in the death of the patient.
Simply put, this means that 1 in 5 people with septicemia end up dying.
Developing countries face a dire situation
Poor sanitary conditions in developing countries, as well as poor nutrition and general health increase the chances of developing a bacterial or viral infection that ends in a picture of septicemia.
One of the study participants, Kristina Rudd, noted that during her work as a doctor in rural Uganda, Africa, she treated for septicemia almost every day.
In this regard, he added, many colleagues have warned for years that this is a real danger for the lower-income population. In fact, 85% of the cases involve people from low and middle social strata.
Further, 4 out of 10 cases are children under the age of five old, according to research.
However, developed countries such as the United Kingdom have also seen the number of septicemia cases grow, with an estimated 48,000 cases per year, surpassing countries such as Canada, France and Spain.
What would be the formula to reduce the cases of septicemia?
When studying how to reduce the number of cases of septicemia, the researchers concluded that the most effective is to reduce the number of infections among the population. This implies improving health systems and giving them access to clean water, vaccines and medicines.
This approach is logical, considering that septicemia is a condition that arises from the lack of control of the body when fighting infections. Therefore, the hygiene and general health of the population must be improved so that it is not exposed to dangerous bacteria and viruses.
Improve detection methods
It is also necessary improve septicemia detection methods in patients, in a way of power starting antibacterial or antiviral treatment early and avoid complications.
For now, doctors are mainly based on visible symptoms such as severe muscle pain and tremors, severe dyspnea, increased heart rate, fever, absence of urine, patchy skin, and speech problems.
In children the skin acquires a pale or bluish tone and there is a lethargic state, rapid breathing and seizures.
University of Washington research team member Mohsen Naghavi summarized the situation. “The most unfortunate thing is that the death toll is so high, considering that septicemia is easily preventable and treatable.”
Study reveals high and hidden levels of coronavirus viral load in children
The fight to stop the Covid-19 pandemic has taken a turn after it was discovered that the coronavirus viral load in children sick, asymptomatic or with mild symptoms, it can be much higher than in a sick adult.
This was revealed by a study conducted in two hospitals from Massachusetss, United States, which analyzed 192 child patients suspected of having Covid-19.
Blood, saliva and mucus samples were taken from the little ones, 10 years old on average, to determine how many were infected, what type of symptoms they had and what was the viral load present in their bodies.
The level of antibodies developed by the children who were positive was also examined, classifying them as asymptomatic, with visible symptoms or seriously complicated.
In the end, it was determined that 49 infants (26%) had Covid-19 infection and of these, 24 were asymptomatic and 25 only showed fever as the most visible symptom.
High viral load of coronavirus in children awakens alerts
The analyzes showed that the coronavirus viral load in children with mild or asymptomatic symptoms was much higher than in adults in serious condition.
Besides, the viral load was particularly high in the first 48 hours after being infected.
This means that asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic children may be more contagious than a very sick adult and therefore have a most important role in the spread of the pandemic than expected.
This surprising result is analyzed by those who struggle to save lives while achieving an effective remedy to stop the pandemic, such as the vaccine developed by the University of Oxford.
The director of the Massachusetts General Hospital and chief investigator of the study, Lael Yonker, expressed the surprise of the medical team by this discovery.
“I was surprised to find such high levels of coronavirus viral load in children of all ages, especially in the first two days of infection ”, he pointed out.
Children with Covid-19, a time bomb
It’s known that the higher the viral load in the blood, the more contagious power he will have the sick among those around him.
Until now, the protocols applied in all hospitals in the world prioritize the isolation of seriously ill adults from Covid-19 to reduce the possibility of infecting healthcare personnel and other patients.
“However, the viral loads of these hospitalized patients are significantly lower than those of a relatively healthy child walking around,” Yonker said.
Researchers are concerned that many pediatricians may have mistaken thousands of Covid-19 cases with simple pictures of the flu, since the symptoms may coincide (fever, nasal discharge and cough).
This is due to the erroneous belief that children are less vulnerable to contagion, something that was true since the beginning of the pandemic.
Officially, until August 23 The United States has acknowledged having only 340,000 infected children in a universe of 5.6 million positive cases in its 51 states.
“During the pandemic, we made the mistake of only analyzing sick adults and believing that they are the main transmitters of Covid-19,” said the director of Immunology and Muconasal Biology at MGH, Alessio Fasano.
Fasano noted that the discovery of a high coronavirus viral load in children with mild or asymptomatic symptoms, it places this group among the potential “great spreaders” of the disease.
Great doubts about the convenience of reopening schools
The results of this work will undoubtedly affect the decision-making of the authorities about the advisability of reopening schools, child care centers and playgrounds in the United States and the world.
The Republican President of the USA, Donald Trump is a strong advocate of reopening schools, which pits him against Democratic mayors and governors of areas hit hard by the pandemic.
The greatest risk is that these asymptomatic or misdiagnosed children infect teachers and school employees, further aggravating the current health situation in this country.
Recall that there is also the danger of catching Covid-19 again, as happened to a trucker who got reinfected twice twice in Argentina.
But also, this it would be deadly for the poorest families, since the study found that 51% of the children who tested positive come from there to Covid-19, against only 2% belonging to wealthy families.
The problem is that in the poorest households, children and the elderly (a very vulnerable group) tend to live together in a greater proportion than in the most privileged.
Find out why your hands go to sleep. Reasons you should be concerned
At least once in your life you must have asked yourself why do your hands go to sleep and if this is something normal or is a reflection of a situation that you must attend to.
The condition for which your hands feel numb is called paresthesia and consists of the loss of sensation and ability to move for a short period of time.
Sometimes paresthesia is accompanied by a sensation of itching, burning, or even painful stitches in the fingertips and palms of the hands.
It generally occurs because we have fallen asleep or are resting for a long time in a position in which we apply weight or pressure on the hands or forearms or any other part of the body.
This pressure limits the flow of blood to this area and causes stress on the nerves, which when we get up or change position, “wake up” generating pangs and all kinds of uncomfortable sensations.
But if this happens to you very frequently, you should look for a specialist who will tell you the reason for why do your hands go to sleepas there may be something going on with your body that needs immediate attention.
But why do your hands go to sleep?
Most of the cases of numb hands it relates to having slept in a position where you apply weight to them.
When the weight or pressure is removed, the hand initially feels numb and has little tactile sensitivity.
As blood circulation in this area normalizes, the nerves begin to “reactivate”, which is accompanied by a feeling of stinging, like pinpricks, that lasts only a few minutes.
However, if it happens very regularly or the discomfort always lasts beyond 10 minutes, you should consider the possibility that you suffer from chronic paresthesia.
This is a condition that indicates the possible presence of an injury to the nerves of the hand or upper extremities or a neurological disorder.
Phases of paresthesia and the problem of numb hands
So that you better understand the why do your hands go to sleep We are going to tell you that in 1946 scientists from the University of Oxford determined the different phases of paresthesia.
The first stage is called “compression tingling” and can appear 3 to 4 minutes after you start applying pressure to the hand.
If we continue to apply pressure to the limb, after 10 minutes the second stage of paresthesia will begin, called “soft numbness”, in which a loss of sensation and tingling will occur.
The third phase of paresthesia occurs when pressure is released and is called “pin prick release.”
Once the muscles and nerves receive blood flow again they “wake up” causing the sensation of receiving numerous needle sticks.
In any case, if the hand numbness occurs very frequently you should go to a specialist to rule out that you suffer a condition called chronic paresthesia.
Migraine and neurological problems, the first cause of hand numbness
Now we are going to delve into the list of complications that can explain why your hands go to sleep.
Migraine is one of the main ones and 15% of those who suffer from this problem also complain of a feeling of numbness in the face, while 13% they complain about hands numb, arms or legs.
The pain can be so severe that the person feels unable to move the affected limb.
Other cause of adorrocking hands is the scarpal tunnel syndrome, an inflammation of the tendons that pass through the carpal canal, pressing on the nerves and causing pain, tingling and numbness in the hands.
According to many studies, a nutritional deficiency can increase the frequency of paresthesia, especially in the female sex. If this is your case, do not forget to take the 10 best vitamins for women.
This syndrome occurs in people who perform repetitive activities for many hours a day, such as writers, secretaries, and computer scientists.
Finally we have cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) or strokes, which are perhaps the most dangerous possible reason for why do your hands go to sleep.
They are often accompanied by neurological problems such as loss of speech, vision, confusion, and headaches, requiring urgent medical attention.
Artery problems and other complications
Some diseases of the circulatory system reduce blood flow to the extremities, favoring the appearance of paresthesia.
For this reason, doctors emphasize the importance of maintaining good health and avoiding habits that can hurt your heart.
If you suffer from multiple sclerosis this will explain why do your hands go to sleep or you feel constant tingling in them, as a result of progressive damage to the nerves and brain cells.
Other cause of hand numbness is diabetic neuropathy, in which the high level of glucose in the blood for a long time causes damage to the nerves.
This can lead to symptoms such as paresthesia in the hands, pain in the legs, and burning on the soles of the feet.
In fact, almost the half of diabetic patients develop some type of neuropathy.
We also have epicondylitis or tennis elbow, a condition similar to carpal tunnel syndrome in which inflammation of the tendon that joins the elbow with the forearm presses on the nerves of the hand.
Finally, another cause of why do your hands go to sleep It may be cervical osteochondrosis, a degenerative inflammation of the spine at the level of the cervical vertebrae that compresses the nerves that communicate with the superior nerves.
This in turn causes a disruption in blood flow, tingling in the hands, headache and loss of coordination.
What happens in your body and brain when you drink coffee every day
For millions of people drink coffee every day it is an activity without which they feel like they can’t get their work or study routine off to a good start.
But not many are not limited to having a cup for breakfast or mid-morning, but they also tend to drink a lot of coffee several cups throughout the day.
If you are one of these people who are distinguished from the rest by drinking a lot of coffeeYou will be interested in knowing what the experts say about the effects of this drink on your body.
What are the effects of drinking too much coffee?
About 5 minutes after having a cup, the caffeine reaches the bloodstream and begins to act on the nervous system.
Its stimulating effect is due to the fact that caffeine inhibits the hormone adenosine, responsible for inducing sleep.
In addition, it also affects the receptors of this hormone, preventing neurons from reabsorbing it.
In turn, it causes an increase in the levels of the hormones dopamine and norepinephrine, which make us feel happy and ready for action.
Remember that the dopamine is the pleasure hormone for scientists and coffee stimulates its production beyond normal levels.
All this causes a rapid increase in the level of brain activity and the degree of intensity with which nerve signals are transmitted.
In addition, drink coffee every day We supply the body with up to 1,000 different bioactive components with varied beneficial effects.
Reasons why it’s good to drink coffee every day
If you like drink coffee every day you will see great benefits in your physical and mental health.
In the first place, it will improve your concentration and learning capacity since the synapse between the cells of the hippocampus is stimulated, the brain area that handles memory.
Caffeine has psychoactive effects on our brain, which explains why we feel more mentally agile after having a cup of coffee.
If you are on a diet, coffee can be your great ally, as it accelerates basal metabolism and fat oxidation, while at the same time reducing appetite.
This metabolic-boosting quality explains why we need to drink coffee to “warm up” in the morning.
A great preventive of diabetes and coronary problems
To the drink coffee every day you will become less likely to suffer from coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) or congestive heart failure.
Coffee helps control sugar in diabetic patients by reducing oxidative stress in the body, a physiological condition related to insulin resistance.
In addition, its content of chlorogenic acid helps to inhibit the absorption of sugars in the intestine. For this reason, it is ideal for preventing the development of type 2 diabetes.
As if that were not enough, it contributes to brain health: there are studies that indicate that coffee slows the progression of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
To this is added that drink coffee every day you will protect your liver, since its ingredients block the absorption of substances related to liver cirrhosis and fatty liver.
And finally, the components of coffee protect us from various types of cancer, such as prostate, throat, skin, uterus, liver and leukemia.
What are the disadvantages of drinking a lot of coffee?
Of course, not everything could be good with our favorite drink, since the drink a lot of coffee it can also cause problems in our body.
One of the main problems is sleep disturbance, with episodes of insomnia or frequent interruptions during the night.
Not in vain eliminating coffee is one of the first advice if you suffer from insomnia that the experts will give you.
People with cardiac arrhythmia should moderate their consumption to prevent the energizing effect of coffee from increasing their heart rate.
In people who suffer from gastric reflux, coffee can cause an increase in heartburn.
If you are a woman and suffer from bone decalcification or osteoporosis, you should avoid drink coffee every day, especially if you do it together calcium supplement.
Caffeine decreases the body’s ability to absorb calcium, which is a bigger problem in post-menopausal women.
Coffee addiction, the problem that nobody talks about
Finally, we will talk about a disadvantage of drink a lot of coffee that few dare to mention: addiction.
As with other stimulant substances, the body develops a kind of addiction to caffeine over time.
Fortunately, this substance is considered a minor neuronal psychoactivator and is classified among the group of xanthines, next to theobromine and theophylline.
But drink coffee every day in large amounts increases the body’s tolerance to caffeine, so the person will need to drink more and more to feel the same effect.
This in turn could cause problems when you need to stop drinking coffee or reduce your intake.
Then “withdrawal” symptoms appear, including insomnia, tiredness, lack of energy, irritability, and headaches.
How many cups of coffee is the ideal daily measure?
We come to a key moment, that of the question of how much coffee can you drink daily?
According to numerous researchers and years of study, three cups of coffee a day is an amount that would have beneficial effects on the body.
But this is only if the person does not suffer from a disease or condition for which caffeine consumption is inadvisable.
However, even in these cases there is the possibility of taking some of the decaffeinated products that can be obtained on the market.
The caffeine-free version retains many of the beneficial qualities of whole coffee!
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