The Second World War has so far been the largest armed conflict in history and perhaps the most studied because of the way the world changed. But beyond the deaths and destruction, there are others scariest data of this conflict, that you should know.
This war lasted almost six years, beginning in September 1939 with the invasion of Poland by the German Army and ending in August 1945 with the capitulation of the Japanese Empire.
25 countries from America, Europe, Asia and Oceania faced each other, grouped into two main groups, the Axis (Germany, Italy and Japan) and the Allies led mainly by the Soviet Union and the United States.
In total, more than 100 million soldiers participated. The largest military contingent was the Soviet Union (20 million), followed by Germany (15 million), the United States (13 million) and Japan (7.4 million).
The deadliest war of the last 200 years
One of the scariest facts of World War II is that 47 million civilians and 19.5 million military died in it as a result of the battles, bombings and genocides.
The largest civilian losses were suffered by the Soviet Union (23.1 million), China (14.4 million), Germany (3.6 million) and Poland (3.3 million).
For its part, military losses were also led by the Soviet Union with 9.3 million soldiers killed, followed by Germany (3.3 million), China (2.6 million) and Japan (1.7 million).
To these numbers must be added another 20 million civilian deaths from famine and disease. These people died throughout the conflict and in the months after it.
Therefore, these scariest data indicate that in six years 3.1% of the world’s population died, estimated at about 2,000 million people for the year 1939.
Scariest data: the maximum racial hate
It is known that the German dictator Adolf Hitler’s hatred of Jews it was one of his main arguments to initiate the invasion of Europe. There he planned to create the so-called “German living space” in which only “pure Aryans” would live.
Between the scariest facts of this war we have that this racial hatred led to the death of 6 million Jews at the hands of the Germans.
But the Nazis and fascist paramilitary forces in the occupied countries also killed hundreds of thousands of Roma gypsies who inhabited small communities from the Balkans to Eastern Europe.
For its part, the Soviet Union murdered 200,000 Ingush and Chechens between February and March 1944. This occurred during the massive deportation of the inhabitants of the Chechen-Ingushetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
The Soviet dictator Josef Stalin accused this community of being a collaborator with the German regime and ordered that it be wiped off the map, killing or sending the entire population into exile.
Investigations carried out after the fall of the Soviet regime showed that the real reason for this massacre was the repudiation of the Ingush and Chechnyans of the communist doctrine of the USSR.
The American genocides that nobody mentions
The United States also committed genocide, killing nearly 200,000 men, women and children with the atomic bombs it dropped on Japan.
Shortly before, in Europe, he had committed another shameful act together with Great Britain, killing 202 thousand German civilians with the bombing of the German city of Dresden, which had no military value.
There were 71 concentration camps in Europe
The Germans built 71 concentration camps in 20 occupied European countries and territories. The worst was the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, in Poland, where almost 1.5 million Jews, Gypsies, Soviets and other “undesirables” died, brought in by trains from all over Europe.
This camp operated from May 20, 1940 to January 27, 1945, when it was liberated by the Soviet Army on its advance towards the German capital, Berlin.
The last Nazi extermination camp liberated by the Allies was that of Stutthof, on German soil. By then 85,000 people had been murdered there.
And for reference, the Japanese also ran concentration camps in the occupied territories of China. Some 400,000 people died atrociously there, according to allied military records.
Two atomic bombings ended World War II
The Japanese Empire refused to capitulate months after its Axis allies, Germany and Italy. For this reason, the United States decided to use its new weapon, the atomic bomb, to force its surrender.
According to them, destroying one or two Japanese cities “was better” than continuing a long war in the Pacific and Asia that could have a high toll in deaths and material damage.
On August 6, 1945, the first nuclear bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima, and on August 9, the second was dropped on Nagasaki. In total 120 thousand people died in seconds due to the action of the bombs.
Another 60,000 more died in the following weeks from the effects of nuclear radiation, burns and other injuries. In addition, 154,039 men, women and children were injured.
During the next 20 years, numerous births of children with genetic defects and high rates of cancer in the population were registered in these cities as a result of what has been considered the most reprehensible act of war of the modern era.
Despite this, Japan not only recovered but in a few decades became one of the richest countries in the world. A show of pride that we have seen with the Rugby town recovery, affected by the 2011 tsunami.
Curiosities of World War II, the subsequent plans of Hitler
Finally, it is worth commenting on what Hitler planned to do when he conquered Europe.
First of all, he dreamed of totally destroying the USSR and demolishing Moscow, Leningrad and Kiev, then its biggest cities to turn it into a great lake. For this, his plan was to open or bomb the great Moscow-Volga dam.
And if you were scared with the case of the terrifying Annabell doll and the Warren MuseumFind out that Hitler also had plans to create an absolutely creepy museum.
As part of his twisted dreams of “ethnic cleansing” of Europe, he planned to build a “Museum of the Extinct Race”, where subsequent generations of Aryans could learn what Jews were like, how they lived and what they did before being wiped from the face from the earth.
For this, he planned to preserve intact the houses and buildings of the Jewish quarter of Josefov, in Prague (Hungary). There they would locate objects requisitioned from the richest families during the war.
The concept is that this would be a living museum that would be visited by Aryan families on their summer vacation.
How is the vision of animals
Many people, including me, wish they could walk in the dark without stumbling. Is the same thing happening to you? Guess who can… Some animals.
What’s more, if there is something we can envy them, their view is the main thing.
Science has shown that a housefly can see 250 images per second. Humans only see 60. Crushing difference, right?
What does its great night vision allow the feline? Or what characterizes the vision of animals? Pursue the answers below.
We show you 10 animals that you did not know existed
How is the iris of animals
First, what is the iris?
We all have a retina, which receives the colors and light that surrounds us. Then the iris regulates light penetration.
At higher luminosity, it contracts so that its entrance is not excessive. So, in the dark, what happens? Well, it expands so that more rays can enter.
In humans it behaves the same way. Animals have different irises depending on the species to which they belong.
The pupils of animals are very different. Some of them have a striking appearance, such as the manta ray. The eye of an animal called sepia is very curious, did you know that it is shaped like a “W”?
Others, like the mountain goat, have their pupils like horizontal slits. Amazing the sight of the animals, right?
How is the vision of the animals at night?
Are myths about the vision of animals true?
In this kingdom there are many species that do not have any visual defects. Unlike humans, they have a special characteristic: the ability to see in the dark.
Night vision of felines
It was past midnight and Mario was sleeping soundly. Suddenly, a noise! What a scare. He goes out to investigate and stumbles upon everything.
Your own cat. He had launched himself from the kitchen sideboard to catch the real enemy: a tiny mouse.
How did your cat see its prey in the dark?
At that moment, Mario envied the vision of his pussycat.
While under sunlight feline eyesight is not 100, at night it is different. In the morning, their eyes receive more sunlight than those of humans. That is the reason for your daytime visual impairment.
And what about the vision of the feathered ones?
The vision of animals such as birds allows them to capture more specific images. From above, they can see through the ultraviolet spectrum.
Did you know that there are colors that the human eye does not recognize?
Rodents, nocturnal hunters? As you can see?
It is a curious question, since they are excellent hunters in the dark. Your hunting skills are not the sole responsibility of your eyesight.
His touch and smell are really powerful.
This is the vision of animals that live under water
Their eyes have adapted to the aquatic environment. The sea depths are dark and, therefore, its inhabitants possess the easy to see very well in the shadows.
They have ocular characteristics that facilitate their night vision:
You have to see them, these are the animals that have been decorated by the army
Will the vision of the animals be in color?
The differences between the cones, rods and irises of each species make the chromatic perception also diverge. That means not all animals can see every color.
Join me and find out what happens to the vision of the animals.
The colors in the bees’ eyes
They perceive almost all shades.
Why did you not imagine that a small bee is capable of differentiating blue green from blue. Consider that there are humans unable to do it.
However, they cannot perceive red, so it is normal for them to mistake it for black. On the other hand, green and orange are easily spotted.
Cats and dogs, their chromatic vision
Dogs do not perceive some wavelengths like the red and green spectra. If a canine sees blood, it most likely looks like a yellow liquid.
The perception of cats is dichromatic. What does this mean? What felines can see in two pigment ranges.
Do rodents see their food in color?
Rodents like the hamster can only distinguish black and white. Your vision is limited. Nonetheless, they have amazing smelling and tactile abilities.
What colors can a horse appreciate?
Something similar happens with them as with the dichromy of cats. In the case of horses, they perceive the world with only two shades: red and blue.
The vision of animals like cows, sheep and goats, colors?
Also his sight is dichromatic. Its cones have a greater sensitivity to shades between green / yellow and blue with a tendency to purple.
Have you asked yourself why do bulls rage when they see the color red?
Well, don’t be fooled. The problem is not in the color red, but in the movements that the bullfighter makes with the cape.
Top 5 animals with the best vision
There are many theories as to which species has the most privileged view. You don’t have to keep ignoring reality, check it out in this top 5 animals with better vision.
The 360º view of the dragonfly
Its two large eyes are made up of 30,000 cells. These are called “ommatidia.” In each of them there is a lens with light-sensitive cells.
Their high disposition to movement of up to 360 ° makes them concentrate all their attention on their prey. That makes it one of the most accurate hunters within insects.
Tarseros, what big eyes!
Don’t you know what animal it is? They are very small primates. Among mammals, they have the largest eyes and corneas in comparison with the measurements of their little body.
His eyes are glued to his skull and weigh more than his brain. Amazing, right?
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The super-receptive vision of the mantis lobster
They have the most complex eyes in the animal kingdom. Account with nothing less than 12 color reception channels. The way you perceive them exceeds the vision of most animals.
If this has impressed you, wait to see what our website offers you. Follow us to keep up to date with data of interest.
animals curiosities nature
Hygiene tips for the beauty salon
Did you know that many microorganisms roam beauty centers? That’s right, so its removal prevents possible infections. The hygiene of beauty centers is vital to health, well-being and confidence, both from clients and workers.
It often gets difficult fight parasites, bacteria and fungi that can inhabit the skin. Some clients don’t even think about it when they go to the salon! With the hygiene tips that we will teach you here, you will improve the image of your business and the confidence of visitors.
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Dirt on the furniture? Look at the hygiene tips to avoid it
Poor cleanliness in the general environment detracts from even the most hygienic staff. Both the furniture and the structure of the beauty salon they must look and be impeccable.
The sanitization of these surfaces can be done with generic or specific detergents for each material. Now, is it enough just that they are clean? Of course not, you should use a disinfectant after cleaning the whole place.
Keep it simple, use products that combine cleaning and disinfection functions. Other advice– Scrub the workplace every time you serve a customer. The above is a basic and essential rule in any professional beauty business.
Alert! Microorganisms in the instruments. Clean them well
It is not enough that the utensils look clean and that they appear to be sanitized. These tools have the most contact with the skin, making them the most prone to spreading disease. Items such as: nail files, scissors, and foot washers need to be disinfected even several times per customer.
The method is simple: use the immersion technique in a disinfectant and antibacterial suitable. Consider applying sterilization to each of your salon tools. It has one or more packs that you can replace throughout the day.
The option of disposable tools (for example: files) is also highly recommended and efficient (due to their low cost). Keep your utensils impeccable. Make them convey cleanliness.
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I always use my hands in the salon, hygiene tips for them
If cleaning your tools is important, imagine your hands! You do not have another clean set of them to replace them, so their sanitation must be constant. All personnel must wash them with soap and water (of neutral PH so as not to irritate them with intensive use).
The frequency of hand cleaning should be at least before and after each client. Among the most recommended hygiene tips for hands are: products with hydroalcoholic gel. They will save you time.
But do not stop at the above, sanitize your client as well. Don’t you think it’s important? Think that those who come to the salon can come from anywhere and carry germs on their skin. Disinfect those areas where you will work and you will achieve a safer and more professional environment.
How to sanitize the towels?
They are a resource of much use and at the same time they are a pollutant concentrator. You should think of towels as one sponge from any microorganism once they have contact with the skin.
That is why always you must separate the clean towels of which you have already used. Keep those that are not dirty in a place away from all kinds of contamination. We mention the main elements for proper hygiene:
– Wash them separately and without overusing the detergent.
– Use fabric softener and a low temperature (to ensure disinfection without degrading them).
– Dry them without leaving a trace of moisture, which ensures safe storage and prevents bad odors.
It is important that you leave your towels germ-free. Consider replacing them regularly or having a backup inventory for wear and tear.
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Organization. Essential hygiene tips
To have a good cleaning and hygiene you need a workplace with a perfect order. It must give aesthetics to the customer’s view and at the same time healthiness. Here we will give you the main tips.
Keep those disposable materials or products separate from those that are not. Remember that the latter require constant sanitation. Do not mix what you used with the new, you can generate cross contamination at the time of use or disinfection.
Label the areas so staff know where to focus their care work. These methods will be welcomed by anyone interested in a professional service.
tips trivia Cleaning tip
10 animals you didn’t know existed
At present it is estimated that there are 8.7 million species of animals populating the planet. However, the vast majority remain unknown to humans.
How many do you know? Undoubtedly one article would not be enough to help you identify all the copies. But at least in this one you will find some of the animal species that you did not know existed.
We bring you these 7 animals created by man
Bat yoda and the cinema
Although the character from the film arrived first, this species bears an obvious resemblance to a mystical figure from the cinema. Do you already recognize it? Its name precisely comes from the analogy with Yoda, the Jedi Master from Star Wars.
The species is endemic to Papua New Guinea. Its scientific name is Nyctimene papuanus. It was discovered recently, in 2009. It is known that it reaches about 40 cm. Its huge wings have a wingspan of up to five feet.
Star-nosed mole, a virtuous swimmer
This distinctive soricomorphic mammal is one of those animals you didn’t know existed. Has 22 pink, mobile and flexible tentacles at the end of the muzzle. An important quality that gives you great sensitivity. This characteristic is essential for the capture of worms, insects and crustaceans on which it feeds.
It can be found on the North American continent. It inhabits the areas of the northeast coast of the United States, mainly. It has 44 teeth. Adults are 15-20 cm in length. They reach a weight that is close to 56 g.
Owns a extraordinary swimming ability. If you ever manage to communicate with a star-nosed mole, be sure to ask for a crash course. He has so much dexterity that he even swims perfectly against the current.
Axolotl and its regenerative capacity
This tailed amphibian is shaped like a tadpole. It lives only in the Mexican lake Xochimilco. Throughout its existence it appears to be a larval or infantile stage and reaches 30 cm.
Hailing from Mexico, his properties have brought him world fame. From popular wisdom there is the belief that they have properties for cure respiratory diseases. Therefore, its intensive capture has become a problem.
In addition, the axolotl has regenerative qualities. Scientists are currently studying the possibility of generating certain drugs to treat organs with different types of cancers. It is one of those animals that you did not know existed and treasured incredible medicinal properties.
Aye Aye, the primate of Madagascar
They are arboreal animals with nocturnal habits and natives of Madagascar. Its species is threatened, with the presence of only 2,500 specimens. In popular culture certain magical powers are attributed to him.
The aye-aye is scientifically known as Daubentonia madagascarensis. It is characterized by a bold nose and bright yellow eyes. Adults reach the approximate size of a house cat. They can live up to 23 years.
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Okapi, cousin of the giraffe
Okapis are the closest living relatives to the giraffe. They are inhabitants of the northern jungles of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They feed on plants and fruits, mostly poisonous to humans.
The body of this animal is similar to that of a small giraffe with a short neck. It has two horns covered with hair on its head. It has a reddish coat that covers almost all its skin. Except, its hind legs show a white color with black stripes, similar to those of the zebra.
Unlike their peers, these animals that you did not know existed they are predominantly loners. Occasionally they live as a couple or in small groups. They have not been seen in large herds.
Shrews, where do they come from?
Its origin is possibly still a puzzle for scientists. They are similar to a mouse, but not rodents. Some studies point to moles in their line of kinship. While others talk about their genetic relationship with hedgehogs.
They are quite small species, some barely reaching the size of a mouse. Among them it consists the smallest mammal there is. They are characterized by their tiny eyes. They have a long snout with very sensitive whiskers.
Shrews are found all over the world. They live in places where food is abundant because need to eat every two to three hours, or die. For example, European species ingest their own weight in insects on a daily basis.
Coconut crab, should you have it around?
This peculiar species is as harmless as its comrade starfish. Rather, it is a hermit crab called Birgus lastro. It holds the title of being the largest in the world. It can weigh more than 4 kilos and reach a maximum meter in length. Its habitat is in the Indian and western Pacific oceans.
Its common name, coconut crab, is due to a curious ability. Precisely, not only they eat coconuts. They are also dedicated to opening them with their powerful tweezers. Also, they have a great hobby as jewelry collectors. They hide shiny objects from those who visit the beaches.
Blur fish, the ugliest animal in the world
It comes exclusively from the deep, between the coasts of Australia and Tasmania. East marine invertebrate It bears the scientific name Janira (Psychrolutes marcidus). It is commonly known as a smudge fish or drop fish.
Its habitat has been rarely photographed as lives in the ocean depths. There, the pressure is much higher than that of the surface. In this way, recognition of their surroundings is made impossible.
Its body is lined with a gelatinous mass slightly less dense than water. This quality allows you to stay on the bottom without spending energy swimming. Of all the animals that you did not know existed, this is surely the strangest due to its peculiar appearance.
Mantis or boxer lobster
Stomatopods (Stomatopoda) are a species in the order Crustacea. They are known as galleys, mantis lobsters, sea mantises, boxer lobsters, shears, and tamarutacas.. Most live in tropical and subtropical seas. They can be seen in the Caribbean or in the Indian and Pacific oceans.
They have the ability to distinguish polarized light and react to it. His predatory character makes it consume its prey quickly. That’s where her nickname of boxers comes from. They have the ability to launch fast and violent attacks with great precision and force.
Do not stop seeing it, these are the animals that have been decorated by the army
The sunfish, the sea wheel
It is named thus in reference to its rounded shape. This species reaches the size of a tire. It is heaviest bony fish Among the animals that you did not know existed. It has an average of 1000 kg and specimens that exceed 2 tons are known.
It has the ability to swim at high speeds in deep and cold waters. Often, when its dorsal fin sticks out at the surface it is mistaken for that of a shark.
animals curiosities nature
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