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Avoid salmonella when handling eggs

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Eggs are very high in protein, but the big problem in handling and preparing them is how avoid salmonella, a bacterial infection that may be present in them.

Eggs are not only a delicious food, but also one of the most used in sauces, creams, desserts, sweets and all kinds of sweet or savory dishes.

Its binding, coloring and emulsifying properties make it the perfect ingredient to improve the texture and appearance of cooked food.

They symbolize life and that is why they are part of many traditions, such as the Easter Day celebration in Anglo-Saxon countries.

But eggs can become contaminated with salmonella, a bacteria found in the feces of chickens and other poultry.

Salmonella produces a gastrointestinal condition called salmoneliosis, characterized by vomiting, diarrhea and fever.

For this reason, it is important that you know some practical tips to avoid salmonella or minimize the risk of infection by consuming eggs.

What is salmonella?

avoid salmonella

Salmonella is a bacterium present in the intestines of birds and rodents

The salmonella is a bacillus-type enterobacteria that is present in the intestines and feces of birds, rodents and insects.

It can also be found on the skin of some reptiles such as turtles and snakes.

Its group is made up of two species, the Salmonella enterica and Salmonella bongori.

The Salmonella enterica it is the one that represents the greatest danger to health human and animal.

To this subfamily belong more than 2,500 serotypes of salmonella enterica identified to date.

Although it does not resist well to exposure to sunlight, high temperatures or dry environment, it can be difficult avoid salmonella due to its great ability to reproduce in the presence of organic matter.

The eggs become infected when they pass through the cloaca of the sick hen, an area through which the excrement of this bird also passes.

The disease caused by this bacillus is called salmonellosis and is characterized by fever, vomiting and diarrhea.

And although many cases of salmonella when handling eggs, as well may be present in other foods.

What is required for salmonella infection?

Like many foodborne infections, salmonella needs certain conditions in order to affect human health.

First of all, there must be a sufficient concentration of bacteria on the surface of the egg, that is, it must reach the minimum “infective dose”.

This dose is estimated at 1 million bacteria as the minimum amount to trigger salmoneliosis.

With a temperature between 30 and 37 degrees Celsius and sufficient humidity, a small colony of bacteria can grow to the infective dose in a few hours.

And here is part of the key that we will give you to avoid salmonella and is that this bacillus dies quickly after 60 degrees.

The big problem when it comes to consuming eggs is that there is no clear way to know if their shell has been exposed to salmonella bacteria.

For this reason, it is better to be cautious to avoid the risk of salmonella when handling eggs.

How to prevent salmonella when handling eggs?

How to prevent salmonella when handling eggs?

Cooking is the best way to eliminate salmonella in eggs

Following a few simple tips you can avoid salmonella and protect your health.

  • Always buy eggs produced on farms registered and supervised by the health authorities.
  • If you buy organic eggs or take them from a domestic chicken coop, you should wash them very well to remove any traces of feces from the hen.
  • Do not wash the eggs until they are consumed so as not to damage a very thin protective layer on their surface that protects them from pathogens and contaminants.
  • Very important, if any egg has been broken, throw it away immediately to avoid risks, even if it just has a small crack.
  • Another tip for avoid salmonella is that you keep the eggs in the fridge as separate as possible from other foods.
  • To kill salmonella, eggs should be cooked at 60 degrees Celsius for at least 3 and a half minutes.
  • Never eat raw or undercooked eggs if you suspect the sanitary quality of the place of origin of the eggs.
  • And finally, something very important, you must wash your hands very well before and after handling eggs, to avoid transferring the bacteria to other foods.

With these tips you can safely enjoy this delicious food that, among other things, provides proteins and several of the essential vitamins for women.

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Health

Natural remedies for insomnia

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Are you one of the people who constantly suffers from insomnia?

The human body You need 7 to 8 hours of sleep to restore your entire body. In addition, rest is very important for conserving energy during the day.

All of us, at times, have had nights in which we have not been able to close the eye. However, many people toss and turn and even count sheep to sleep.

This habit when it becomes a serious problem is called insomnia. The National Sleep Foundation defines it as the difficulty staying asleep especially when you can.

This time I want to share with you the most efficient natural remedies for insomnia. On the other hand, I present you some recommendations to avoid sleepiness.

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Remedies to combat insomnia

fight insomnia

Fight insomnia

Do you have difficulty paying attention to activities due to lack of rest?

This and others are some of the symptoms suffered by those who suffer from this disease. Some of the causes can be stress, changes in schedules, bad habits, excess medications and many more.

There are several types of wakefulness ranging from short acute to chronic. But don’t worry, here I share natural remedies for insomnia. You can fight your problem and also help others.

Linden

linden

Linden

Various investigations have shown the relaxing functions of linden or linden. Its content of limonene, caffeic acid, alpha-pinene and eugenol are some of the compounds that promote sleep.

You cannot forget about the natural remedies for insomnia. Also has antispasmodic properties that relieve muscle tension. Even more effective than therapies and drugs.

Lavender

lavender

Lavender

If your weakness is aromatherapy you will like lavender very much. Its fragrance relaxes the nervous system and helps fight anxiety and stress. You can use its essence as incense in the bedroom. In addition to the infusion that helps to fall asleep.

Valerian

valerian

Valerian

Some studies carried out on the root of this plant show a powerful action against wakefulness. It has great sedative and anxiolytic properties that allow you to sleep easily.

You can use valerian tea as one of the natural remedies for insomnia. Unlike drugs it does not cause dependency and can be used safely.

The effect takes 2 to 4 weeks and is noticeable when the sleep cycle changes. You only require 3 grams of the dried plant and 300 milliliters of water. You put it to boil for 15 minutes and you drink it 30 minutes before going to sleep.

Another variant to ingest valerian can be as a supplement. You prepare a dose of 300 to 900 milligrams of the 0.8% extract. Varying the amount corresponds directly to the severity of the insomnia.

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Lettuce

lettuce

Lettuce

Did you know that this vegetable has positive effects for insomnia?

Lettuce contains a component called lactucin. This substance has the ability to sedate and calm. The water that results from cooking this vegetable will help you sleep peacefully at night.

Hops

hop

Hop

You may not know it, but hops are a very versatile plant. Did you know that it is used to produce beer? But that is not all. In the form of tea it has been shown that has amazing effects on wakefulness.

It has to do with the ability to minimize the degradation of GABA. It is a substance that intervenes with the relaxation of the nervous system. On the other hand, improves the action of melatonin receptors, the main hormone that is responsible for sleep.

How do you prepare hop tea?

Take a cup of hot water and add 1 teaspoon of the plant. Let it rest for about 10 minutes. Then you should strain it and drink it between 30 to 60 minutes before going to sleep.

Milk

milk

Milk

If you want to sleep quickly, the recommendation is to drink a little warm or warm milk. Take it right before bed. She possesses a hormone called lactucarium that is related to deep sleep.

Lemon balm

melissa

Melissa

The lemon leaf or lemon balm are some of the names by which lemon balm is identified. For many centuries it has used to treat cases of sleep problems.

This is one of the most effective natural remedies for insomnia. According to recent studies, it has the ability to prevent the decrease of GABA. It is a type of neurotransmitter that works as a sedative for the nervous system.

With a couple of ingredients you can prepare the infusion: 2 teaspoons of lemon balm and 500 milliliters of water. The way of elaboration is simple. First, cover the lemon balm with very hot water. Rest, strain and drink before going to bed.

You can consume it in drops or in the form of capsules with a dose that ranges between 300 to 500 milligrams a day. Always remember to check the quantity with a specialist.

Orange blossoms

Natural remedies for insomnia 1

Orange blossoms

Orange blossoms are known as orange blossoms. Has powerful effects as anxiolytics and sedatives. With an infusion of these flowers or their essence you will be able to sleep better. You only have to apply it a few minutes before going to bed.

Passionflower

Natural remedies for insomnia 2

Passionflower

Passionflower is also known as the passion fruit plant. For years, like lemon balm, it was used to treat sleeplessness problems. Studies are still being done, but there is no doubt that it has become one of the natural remedies for insomnia.

There is a flavonoid compound in it called chrysin. It has strong actions as an anxiolytic to relax the body and help you sleep. On the other hand, the extract of passionflower was applied in mice to prolong the time of sleep.

The ingredients you need to prepare this infusion are: 6 grams of the plant and 1 cup of hot water. Pour them into a bowl and let them sit for 5-10 minutes. You can combine passionflower with valerian for more powerful results.

Did you know that waking up with a dry and bitter mouth can be a sign of danger

Tips to prevent insomnia

Natural remedies for insomnia 3

Prevent insomnia

Although homemade proposals help, it is important to take into account some recommendations. Therefore, after knowing the natural remedies for insomnia, I comment on several tips to prevent this disease effectively.

  • During sleep time, turn off any device. You will prevent the light from bothering you. In addition, the continuous transmission of data does not affect the secretion of the hormone that causes sleep.
  • Have an early dinner preferably a light meal.
  • Play sports and at the best time: in the morning.
  • Eliminate coffee or any other beverage that contains caffeine at night.
  • Practice stretching before you go to bed to release the tensions of the day.
  • Read a good book, enjoy some nice music, and relax with a nice hot bath.
  • Apply breathing and meditation techniques.

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Health

Incredible changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine

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Do you know which are the most consumed beverages in the world? Among them is the Coca Cola, coffee, tea, among others. They all have something in common, which very few people realize and that is what we will talk about here.

Caffeine is not only present in them, but in many other natural reserves. Almost that it is a habit to drink it when we want an extra energy or even to wake up a bit. But is this really good?

If you want to learn a little about the subject, you have come to the perfect place. You will know what it is, when it was discovered, where it can be found and many interesting facts. However, the most important thing you will know is the changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine.

You must put these natural remedies for insomnia into practice

What is caffeine?

changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine 3

Caffeine

Surely at some point in your life you heard about caffeine and maybe you even mention it often, but do you really know what it is? Well, it is a compound that belongs to the alkaloid family.

It is solid and crystalline, white in color and has a particularly bitter taste. It usually acts as a psychoactive drug, that is the reason why many people take it to wake up.

In addition, thanks to its antagonistic action that prevents adenosine receptors, it is a stimulant par excellence of the central nervous system. From 1819 it was discovered by the German Friedrich Ferdinand.

Said chemist initially named her Kaffein and affirmed her presence in coffee. This was the case until years later, when the name was changed to how we know it today. As more was known about such a chemical compound, it began to be used more and more in different elaborations.

It is not only called that, since in different parts of the world, it is told in other waysregardless of languages. Depending on the carrier of said substance, their names vary, such as:

  • Guaranin from the fruit of guarana.
  • Theine because it can be found in tea.
  • Mateina.
  • And so on.

Humans desperately seek caffeine especially when we are extremely tired. It is considered a drug that although it is less harmful than others, it still becomes addictive. So if you desperately want to turn to it to make you feel more alert, that’s the answer.

If you didn’t know, watch now: What happens when I burn a bay leaf in my house?

Properties of caffeine and where to find it

changes that occur in your body if you stop consuming caffeine

Coffee

We already know that this substance can have effects on the nervous system. It is able to keep people alert, hyperactive, even up to sleep, But that is not all.

It is said to have diuretic properties, but only if administered in sufficient amounts to individuals who cannot tolerate it. However, those who consume it regularly become immune to this effect for scientifically unknown reasons.

The best thing is that all this was approved by the “Food and Drug Administration” of the United States. They classify it as safe and therefore it can be used freely for different elaborations.

Caffeine is found naturally in many young plants since it acts as a pesticide there. It is so strong that it is even found in the soils around the coffee plant.. Therefore, this indicates that it inhibits the possible germination of weeds that can damage the plantations.

It is extracted mainly from this plant, in addition to that of tea and to a lesser extent from cocoa. In mate, guarana, etc., it is obtained to directly make energy or non-alcoholic drinks such as Coca Cola.

These are the effective infusions that will help you sleep easily

What are the changes that occur in your body if you stop consuming caffeine?

changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine 1

Better sleep

After knowing so much about this product, you may think it is wonderful, but is it really so? Well, you should know something very important and that is that there are changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine.

If it is very common to hear that fatigue decreases, tiredness, allows you to memorize better. As well it is believed that by drinking it you will better associate your ideas and your senses will work better. It can even raise the pressure, makes the lung and heart work better, among other effects.

Scientifically, it is not entirely agreed, there are several theories and discrepancies. The most recent studies warn against its use. That is why below we will tell you the changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine.

Everything in excess is bad and that is the reason why an apparently harmless cup of coffee can become harmful. There are several beneficial effects that our body receives when you do not drink anything else with this compound, among which is:

– Weight loss: Although it is used a lot to lose a few pounds, by adding so many sugars, creams and flavorings, this objective is not achieved. Therefore, you will lose a few kilos because this is one of the changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine.

– Better fall asleep: If it was previously said that this substance can activate us, temporarily remove fatigue and more, since such an effect is obvious. Even if you don’t take it at night, if you did it too many times a day, rest assured that it will be quite difficult for you to sleep.

– Headaches for no apparent reason: Like any drug that produces addiction, the headache is caused by the anxiety of wanting to drink something with that substance. Therefore, this is another of the changes that occur in your body if you stop ingesting caffeine.

– Radiant smile: A beautiful, clean and radiant teeth will be present since generally such a chemical compound causes stains that are very difficult to remove. So if you want a visible improvement, this will be your solution.

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Health

Fat but healthy. Myth or Reality?

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Have you ever heard the phrase “I’m fat but healthy”? Well from the outset let me tell you that it is a myth and a very dangerous one, since it could lead to neglect and that to a fatality.

In this article we will give you enough reasons so that you can understand why we say that the approach is false. So the next time you hear someone say they are fat but healthy, you can warn them of the risk they are taking.

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What is obesity?

Fat but healthy 1

Obese family

When we talk about obesity we think of very large people so to speak. But, do you really know what it is and what risks those who suffer from it are subjected to?

The first thing you have to know is that is considered a disease. So here there would be a contradiction if we said that there is a fat but healthy individual.

These types of people suffer from more serious pathology than they think. Throwing it as a joke could be dangerous, because not giving it the importance it deserves, may have serious consequences.

It is always necessary to have good information about the diseases that you and your loved ones suffer. This is recommended by health professionals, since 3 out of 5 patients who have knowledge of what they have, live better.

Obesity is defined as a metabolic disorder in which fat levels increase considerably. The cause of this accumulation is the excessive intake of calories that are not burned with any physical activity.

Such affectation causes serious damage to the body of certain people since it often causes the failure of large organs. But let’s answer the other question, what are the risks to which these types of people are exposed?

Risks Obese People Face

Fat but healthy 2

You may suffer from Arterial Hypertension

We continue to analyze from different points of view to determine if someone can truly be fat but healthy. However, as we delve into the subject, it is easier to see how false this statement is.

Just as all diseases have risks, obesity is no exception. If you want to know which ones exist in this case, pay attention:

1- Suffering from severe pathologies: One of the most common complications is that. The increase in blood sugar or glucose most of the time causes the appearance of Type II diabetes mellitus.

2- Arterial Hypertension (HTN): One of the most treacherous diseases that exist is HTN. It is even named as the silent killer, as suffering from it could cause sudden death in an individual. Therefore, one way to prevent it is to avoid obesity.

3- Elevation of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood: The body has metabolic parameters that must be found in a specific range of measurements. When they vary, the consequences are very serious, even more in the case of these two that alter the levels of fats in the blood.

4- Heart attacks: Without a doubt, one of the real risks that is most feared is this. All the factors that were mentioned above in the company of many others, cause these heart diseases. Be it insufficiency, total coronary involvement and even a stroke.

5- Problems in the bones and joints: Obesity exerts a greater load on bone tissue in general and can trigger other pathologies.

6- Sleep apnea: This term refers to people who voluntarily stop breathing during naps. It is very rare to see it, but is more common in those who are overweight.

7- Cancer.

8- Gallstones and liver problems.

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Parameters to determine if a person is fat or not

Fat but healthy 3

That BMI scale

Obviously it is not determined by chance if a person is obese or not, on the contrary. There are 2 fundamental parameters that are studied in an individual to determine whether he is normal weight or obese. However, nothing tells us that there is a possibility of being fat but healthy. The points to analyze are:

  • Body Mass Index (BMI).
  • Waist circumference.

Can you be fat but healthy? This says your Body Mass Index

The first one mentioned is who can really tell whether or not there is an increase in body fat. We have already said previously how dangerous this substance can be in the blood, that is why it is important to know the BMI measurement.

It is very easy to calculate, since for this operation you will only need two very simple things to obtain. The first is your height in meters (Em), because that way we will have a more accurate result. The other thing is to know how much you weigh in kilograms (Pkg) and what remains is very easy.

BMI = Em2Pkg

Once you get a result, It only remains for you to be guided by the ranges shown below. Those are what health professionals use to tell whether or not someone is obese.

  • Normal: between 18.5 to 25.6.
  • Overweight (not obese): from 25.7 to 29.9.
  • Obesity I: from 30 to 34.9 (low risk).
  • Obesity II: 35 to 39.9 (moderate risk).
  • Obesity III: 40 and over (high risk).

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What is the waist circumference of an obese person?

Waist circumference of an obese person

Waist circumference of an obese person

The other parameter that you must analyze is the waist circumference and this step is much easier. Just grab a tape measure and ask for help if possible to get more accurate.

In women, a measurement greater than 35 inches or 89 cm can be considered obesity. On the other hand, in men from 40 inches or 102 cm, it is that it is determined if there is excess fat. Some are classified as “Apple body” because this area stands out from the rest of the figure.

Despite the large amount of literature that talks about this disorder, none supports the existence of someone fat but healthy. The probabilities of suffering an Acute Myocardial Infarction, affectations in arteries and even Type II Diabetes, are too high.

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