At present it is estimated that there are 8.7 million species of animals populating the planet. However, the vast majority remain unknown to humans.
How many do you know? Undoubtedly one article would not be enough to help you identify all the copies. But at least in this one you will find some of the animal species that you did not know existed.
We bring you these 7 animals created by man
Bat yoda and the cinema
Although the character from the film arrived first, this species bears an obvious resemblance to a mystical figure from the cinema. Do you already recognize it? Its name precisely comes from the analogy with Yoda, the Jedi Master from Star Wars.
The species is endemic to Papua New Guinea. Its scientific name is Nyctimene papuanus. It was discovered recently, in 2009. It is known that it reaches about 40 cm. Its huge wings have a wingspan of up to five feet.
Star-nosed mole, a virtuous swimmer
This distinctive soricomorphic mammal is one of those animals you didn’t know existed. Has 22 pink, mobile and flexible tentacles at the end of the muzzle. An important quality that gives you great sensitivity. This characteristic is essential for the capture of worms, insects and crustaceans on which it feeds.
It can be found on the North American continent. It inhabits the areas of the northeast coast of the United States, mainly. It has 44 teeth. Adults are 15-20 cm in length. They reach a weight that is close to 56 g.
Owns a extraordinary swimming ability. If you ever manage to communicate with a star-nosed mole, be sure to ask for a crash course. He has so much dexterity that he even swims perfectly against the current.
Axolotl and its regenerative capacity
This tailed amphibian is shaped like a tadpole. It lives only in the Mexican lake Xochimilco. Throughout its existence it appears to be a larval or infantile stage and reaches 30 cm.
Hailing from Mexico, his properties have brought him world fame. From popular wisdom there is the belief that they have properties for cure respiratory diseases. Therefore, its intensive capture has become a problem.
In addition, the axolotl has regenerative qualities. Scientists are currently studying the possibility of generating certain drugs to treat organs with different types of cancers. It is one of those animals that you did not know existed and treasured incredible medicinal properties.
Aye Aye, the primate of Madagascar
They are arboreal animals with nocturnal habits and natives of Madagascar. Its species is threatened, with the presence of only 2,500 specimens. In popular culture certain magical powers are attributed to him.
The aye-aye is scientifically known as Daubentonia madagascarensis. It is characterized by a bold nose and bright yellow eyes. Adults reach the approximate size of a house cat. They can live up to 23 years.
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Okapi, cousin of the giraffe
Okapis are the closest living relatives to the giraffe. They are inhabitants of the northern jungles of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They feed on plants and fruits, mostly poisonous to humans.
The body of this animal is similar to that of a small giraffe with a short neck. It has two horns covered with hair on its head. It has a reddish coat that covers almost all its skin. Except, its hind legs show a white color with black stripes, similar to those of the zebra.
Unlike their peers, these animals that you did not know existed they are predominantly loners. Occasionally they live as a couple or in small groups. They have not been seen in large herds.
Shrews, where do they come from?
Its origin is possibly still a puzzle for scientists. They are similar to a mouse, but not rodents. Some studies point to moles in their line of kinship. While others talk about their genetic relationship with hedgehogs.
They are quite small species, some barely reaching the size of a mouse. Among them it consists the smallest mammal there is. They are characterized by their tiny eyes. They have a long snout with very sensitive whiskers.
Shrews are found all over the world. They live in places where food is abundant because need to eat every two to three hours, or die. For example, European species ingest their own weight in insects on a daily basis.
Coconut crab, should you have it around?
This peculiar species is as harmless as its comrade starfish. Rather, it is a hermit crab called Birgus lastro. It holds the title of being the largest in the world. It can weigh more than 4 kilos and reach a maximum meter in length. Its habitat is in the Indian and western Pacific oceans.
Its common name, coconut crab, is due to a curious ability. Precisely, not only they eat coconuts. They are also dedicated to opening them with their powerful tweezers. Also, they have a great hobby as jewelry collectors. They hide shiny objects from those who visit the beaches.
Blur fish, the ugliest animal in the world
It comes exclusively from the deep, between the coasts of Australia and Tasmania. East marine invertebrate It bears the scientific name Janira (Psychrolutes marcidus). It is commonly known as a smudge fish or drop fish.
Its habitat has been rarely photographed as lives in the ocean depths. There, the pressure is much higher than that of the surface. In this way, recognition of their surroundings is made impossible.
Its body is lined with a gelatinous mass slightly less dense than water. This quality allows you to stay on the bottom without spending energy swimming. Of all the animals that you did not know existed, this is surely the strangest due to its peculiar appearance.
Mantis or boxer lobster
Stomatopods (Stomatopoda) are a species in the order Crustacea. They are known as galleys, mantis lobsters, sea mantises, boxer lobsters, shears, and tamarutacas.. Most live in tropical and subtropical seas. They can be seen in the Caribbean or in the Indian and Pacific oceans.
They have the ability to distinguish polarized light and react to it. His predatory character makes it consume its prey quickly. That’s where her nickname of boxers comes from. They have the ability to launch fast and violent attacks with great precision and force.
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The sunfish, the sea wheel
It is named thus in reference to its rounded shape. This species reaches the size of a tire. It is heaviest bony fish Among the animals that you did not know existed. It has an average of 1000 kg and specimens that exceed 2 tons are known.
It has the ability to swim at high speeds in deep and cold waters. Often, when its dorsal fin sticks out at the surface it is mistaken for that of a shark.
animals curiosities nature
How is the vision of animals
Many people, including me, wish they could walk in the dark without stumbling. Is the same thing happening to you? Guess who can… Some animals.
What’s more, if there is something we can envy them, their view is the main thing.
Science has shown that a housefly can see 250 images per second. Humans only see 60. Crushing difference, right?
What does its great night vision allow the feline? Or what characterizes the vision of animals? Pursue the answers below.
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How is the iris of animals
First, what is the iris?
We all have a retina, which receives the colors and light that surrounds us. Then the iris regulates light penetration.
At higher luminosity, it contracts so that its entrance is not excessive. So, in the dark, what happens? Well, it expands so that more rays can enter.
In humans it behaves the same way. Animals have different irises depending on the species to which they belong.
The pupils of animals are very different. Some of them have a striking appearance, such as the manta ray. The eye of an animal called sepia is very curious, did you know that it is shaped like a “W”?
Others, like the mountain goat, have their pupils like horizontal slits. Amazing the sight of the animals, right?
How is the vision of the animals at night?
Are myths about the vision of animals true?
In this kingdom there are many species that do not have any visual defects. Unlike humans, they have a special characteristic: the ability to see in the dark.
Night vision of felines
It was past midnight and Mario was sleeping soundly. Suddenly, a noise! What a scare. He goes out to investigate and stumbles upon everything.
Your own cat. He had launched himself from the kitchen sideboard to catch the real enemy: a tiny mouse.
How did your cat see its prey in the dark?
At that moment, Mario envied the vision of his pussycat.
While under sunlight feline eyesight is not 100, at night it is different. In the morning, their eyes receive more sunlight than those of humans. That is the reason for your daytime visual impairment.
And what about the vision of the feathered ones?
The vision of animals such as birds allows them to capture more specific images. From above, they can see through the ultraviolet spectrum.
Did you know that there are colors that the human eye does not recognize?
Rodents, nocturnal hunters? As you can see?
It is a curious question, since they are excellent hunters in the dark. Your hunting skills are not the sole responsibility of your eyesight.
His touch and smell are really powerful.
This is the vision of animals that live under water
Their eyes have adapted to the aquatic environment. The sea depths are dark and, therefore, its inhabitants possess the easy to see very well in the shadows.
They have ocular characteristics that facilitate their night vision:
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Will the vision of the animals be in color?
The differences between the cones, rods and irises of each species make the chromatic perception also diverge. That means not all animals can see every color.
Join me and find out what happens to the vision of the animals.
The colors in the bees’ eyes
They perceive almost all shades.
Why did you not imagine that a small bee is capable of differentiating blue green from blue. Consider that there are humans unable to do it.
However, they cannot perceive red, so it is normal for them to mistake it for black. On the other hand, green and orange are easily spotted.
Cats and dogs, their chromatic vision
Dogs do not perceive some wavelengths like the red and green spectra. If a canine sees blood, it most likely looks like a yellow liquid.
The perception of cats is dichromatic. What does this mean? What felines can see in two pigment ranges.
Do rodents see their food in color?
Rodents like the hamster can only distinguish black and white. Your vision is limited. Nonetheless, they have amazing smelling and tactile abilities.
What colors can a horse appreciate?
Something similar happens with them as with the dichromy of cats. In the case of horses, they perceive the world with only two shades: red and blue.
The vision of animals like cows, sheep and goats, colors?
Also his sight is dichromatic. Its cones have a greater sensitivity to shades between green / yellow and blue with a tendency to purple.
Have you asked yourself why do bulls rage when they see the color red?
Well, don’t be fooled. The problem is not in the color red, but in the movements that the bullfighter makes with the cape.
Top 5 animals with the best vision
There are many theories as to which species has the most privileged view. You don’t have to keep ignoring reality, check it out in this top 5 animals with better vision.
The 360º view of the dragonfly
Its two large eyes are made up of 30,000 cells. These are called “ommatidia.” In each of them there is a lens with light-sensitive cells.
Their high disposition to movement of up to 360 ° makes them concentrate all their attention on their prey. That makes it one of the most accurate hunters within insects.
Tarseros, what big eyes!
Don’t you know what animal it is? They are very small primates. Among mammals, they have the largest eyes and corneas in comparison with the measurements of their little body.
His eyes are glued to his skull and weigh more than his brain. Amazing, right?
You will not believe it, look here the 7 animals created by man
The super-receptive vision of the mantis lobster
They have the most complex eyes in the animal kingdom. Account with nothing less than 12 color reception channels. The way you perceive them exceeds the vision of most animals.
If this has impressed you, wait to see what our website offers you. Follow us to keep up to date with data of interest.
animals curiosities nature
Hygiene tips for the beauty salon
Did you know that many microorganisms roam beauty centers? That’s right, so its removal prevents possible infections. The hygiene of beauty centers is vital to health, well-being and confidence, both from clients and workers.
It often gets difficult fight parasites, bacteria and fungi that can inhabit the skin. Some clients don’t even think about it when they go to the salon! With the hygiene tips that we will teach you here, you will improve the image of your business and the confidence of visitors.
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Dirt on the furniture? Look at the hygiene tips to avoid it
Poor cleanliness in the general environment detracts from even the most hygienic staff. Both the furniture and the structure of the beauty salon they must look and be impeccable.
The sanitization of these surfaces can be done with generic or specific detergents for each material. Now, is it enough just that they are clean? Of course not, you should use a disinfectant after cleaning the whole place.
Keep it simple, use products that combine cleaning and disinfection functions. Other advice– Scrub the workplace every time you serve a customer. The above is a basic and essential rule in any professional beauty business.
Alert! Microorganisms in the instruments. Clean them well
It is not enough that the utensils look clean and that they appear to be sanitized. These tools have the most contact with the skin, making them the most prone to spreading disease. Items such as: nail files, scissors, and foot washers need to be disinfected even several times per customer.
The method is simple: use the immersion technique in a disinfectant and antibacterial suitable. Consider applying sterilization to each of your salon tools. It has one or more packs that you can replace throughout the day.
The option of disposable tools (for example: files) is also highly recommended and efficient (due to their low cost). Keep your utensils impeccable. Make them convey cleanliness.
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I always use my hands in the salon, hygiene tips for them
If cleaning your tools is important, imagine your hands! You do not have another clean set of them to replace them, so their sanitation must be constant. All personnel must wash them with soap and water (of neutral PH so as not to irritate them with intensive use).
The frequency of hand cleaning should be at least before and after each client. Among the most recommended hygiene tips for hands are: products with hydroalcoholic gel. They will save you time.
But do not stop at the above, sanitize your client as well. Don’t you think it’s important? Think that those who come to the salon can come from anywhere and carry germs on their skin. Disinfect those areas where you will work and you will achieve a safer and more professional environment.
How to sanitize the towels?
They are a resource of much use and at the same time they are a pollutant concentrator. You should think of towels as one sponge from any microorganism once they have contact with the skin.
That is why always you must separate the clean towels of which you have already used. Keep those that are not dirty in a place away from all kinds of contamination. We mention the main elements for proper hygiene:
– Wash them separately and without overusing the detergent.
– Use fabric softener and a low temperature (to ensure disinfection without degrading them).
– Dry them without leaving a trace of moisture, which ensures safe storage and prevents bad odors.
It is important that you leave your towels germ-free. Consider replacing them regularly or having a backup inventory for wear and tear.
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Organization. Essential hygiene tips
To have a good cleaning and hygiene you need a workplace with a perfect order. It must give aesthetics to the customer’s view and at the same time healthiness. Here we will give you the main tips.
Keep those disposable materials or products separate from those that are not. Remember that the latter require constant sanitation. Do not mix what you used with the new, you can generate cross contamination at the time of use or disinfection.
Label the areas so staff know where to focus their care work. These methods will be welcomed by anyone interested in a professional service.
tips trivia Cleaning tip
What problems does biting your nails bring to the body?
Many think that nail biting is irrelevant but the truth is otherwise. Do you know how harmful this habit can become? Why is it so difficult to stop?
Stress and sustained tension are part of modern life. To overcome these conditions you may have created adaptive mechanisms, not always correct. Getting past something that damages your health takes effort, but it’s worth it.
You dare? Today you can take the first step. In this post I will tell you everything you need to know.
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Is nail biting a disease?
Nail biting is called onychophagia. It is a compulsive habit that begins in childhood. Parents usually don’t pay much attention or downplay this behavior. That is why, many times, the disorder persists into adulthood.
According to specialized medical literature, about 30% of the population of all ages bites their nails. This disorder has a negative impact on the quality of life of the affected people. The compulsion diminishes after the age of 18, but in some cases it lasts and becomes chronic.
It is worth asking, then, is it a disease or not? The specialists: dermatologists, stomatologists and psychiatrists, have studied the subject quite a bit. However, the position of onychophagia within the classification of psychiatric disorders is not clear. There are still ambiguities in science.
Experts consider it a type of obsession-compulsion, however, its exact causes remain unclear. In Dermatology they are included within the nail diseases caused by repeated injuries.
The truth is that, onychophagia it is considered a pathology only in some people. It is currently unknown to what extent it is an abnormal behavior or not. It is known that the children of people who suffered it are more prone to this behavior. This suggests that there is a genetic basis for the alteration. For the versed, more than a disease, it is a disorder.
What could induce you to bite your nails?
Here are some of the most common causes.
It occurs most often during childhood.
- Family and interpersonal conflicts
Divorce stands out as the main one of these problems.
It refers to the loss of close family or friends. It is an important factor in generating anxiety.
Many people bite their nails in stressful situations such as an exam, a work meeting, etc.
To calm down before waiting for some result, response or transaction.
- Low self-esteem or shyness
Anger, frustration, perfectionism and a high level of demand lead to the disorder.
Fear can become a factor that generates this behavior.
- Psychiatric disorders
- Attention deficit and hyperactivity
- Separation anxiety
- Major depression
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
- Mental retardation
Can nail biting be abnormal?
As I have already mentioned, almost always onychophagia is a disorder present in normal people. A mechanism that some individuals use to relieve anxiety, stress, or fear. Only in some cases, it is a symptom of mental illness.
Nail biting turns into a sign of illness when accompanied by other behavioral disturbances. Weird attitudes that anyone would recognize without being an expert.
What to do in such a situation? In a case like that, the right thing to do is seek specialized medical help. Getting an appointment with a psychiatrist is the most appropriate. This specialist will certify whether or not onychophagia is caused by a disease.
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How harmful can nail biting be?
Here I mention some of the most relevant consequences of this harmful habit.
The skin is a protective barrier against microorganisms of all kinds. By breaking it with your teeth, it facilitates the entry of germs into the body and as a result, infections.
- Pain, stinging, and abnormal growth.
Oral cavity involvement
Continual nibbling causes erosion of the enamel and incisors. In extreme cases it can lead to fracture and chipping of the tooth.
Prompted by damage to tooth enamel.
The temporomandibular joint is responsible for us to open and close our mouths. Being in continuous action for this disorder, you can get injured.
It refers to unpleasant breath in the oral cavity due to the proliferation of bacteria. Continually putting your hands to your mouth is a way of introducing germs into the oral cavity.
- People with onychophagia are at increased risk for respiratory diseases. The oral mucosa is a port of entry for many germs.
- The chronicity of this misbehavior produces deformity of the fingers and the risk of losing the nails. Chronic inflammation of the fingers can also occur.
In general, it is these alterations that determine that some people overcome or seek treatment. The traces of continuous nibbling are very visible and generate difficulties in interpersonal relationships.
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5 useful tips to stop biting your nails
- Raise awareness of the problem
It is important that you detect the situations that generate stress and activate the habit of biting you. It is advisable keep your hands busy as long as possible. For example, you can do crafts, play sports, do yoga, write, do something that you like.
- Chew gum
You will avoid biting yourself and your breath will improve.
- Perform self-management therapies
Bring your fingers to your mouth and move them away. Repeat several times, each time with less distance between them. Practice the exercise several times a day.
- Use false nails
This way you will avoid damaging yours.
- Wear gloves
It is a good idea, especially if you live in cold climates.
If despite trying, you are not making enough progress to get rid of the habit, do not hesitate to seek specialized help. Proper psychological therapy can be the key to success.
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